PubMed Central. This paper examines the structural influence of sex work venues on condom use among female sex workers in the Senggigi area of Lombok, Indonesia. A cross-sectional de employing ethnographic observation, structured interviews and hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine condom use among female sex workers who solicited clients at three types of sex work venues : freelance, brothels, and entertainment places karaoke bars and massage parlours. At the individual level, higher condom use was associated with female sex workers having ever been married. Low rates of condom use among Indonesian female sex workers during commercial sex suggests the need for increased HIV prevention efforts that acknowledge sex worker characteristics and relationships with clients that place them at risk.
Future research into the effects of social context on HIV risk should also be considered. Sex work venue and condom use among female sex workers in Senggigi, Indonesia. A cross-sectional de employing ethnographic observation, structured interviews and hierarchical linear modelling was used to examine condom use among female sex workers who solicited clients at three types of sex work venues : 1 freelance locations, 2 brothels and 3 entertainment places karaoke bars and massage parlours.
The sample consisted of women 'nested' within 16 sex work venues drawn from the three venue types. Low rates of condom use among Indonesian female sex workers during commercial sex suggests the need for increased HIV-prevention efforts that acknowledge sex worker characteristics and relationships with clients that place them at risk.
The organization of sex work in low- and high-priced venues with a focus on the experiences of ethnic minority women working in these venues.
We conducted participant observations and in-depth interviews with 33 FSW and six venue bosses to describe the experiences of FSW and management structures in low and high-priced sex work venues in Liuzhou, China. In low-priced venuesFSW had more autonomy and stronger relationships with their ethnic minority peers.
Mid- and high-priced venues had more formal management structures. Ethnic minority FSW working in higher priced venues experienced less support and kinship with their peers. Our findings provide guidance for tailoring public health programs that meet the needs of ethnic minority women working in different types of sex work venues. The organization of sex work in low and high-priced venues with a focus on the experiences of ethnic minority women working in these venues.
We conducted participant observations and in-depth interviews with 33 FSW and six venue bosses to describe the experiences of FSW and management structures in high and low-priced sex work venues in Liuzhou, China. Mid and high-priced venues had more formal management structures. Most studies have focused on sex workers working in entertainment venuesbut little is known about their clients.
This study investigated the perceptions and behavior of the patrons visiting entertainment venues.
Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 30 male market vendors who visited entertainment venues at least once in the past 3 months in an eastern city in China. Saunas, karaoke bars, and massage centers are the most frequently visited entertainment venues.
Seventy-three percent of study participants reported purchasing commercial sex at these entertainment venues. Participants expressed a very liberal attitude toward commercial sex. Seeking commercial sex was perceived as a characteristic of a male's nature.
Venue -based intervention is urgently needed to target the population. The sex workers themselves could potentially serve as "health educators" to communicate prevention information to their clients and encourage safer sex behavior.
Sex work in geographic perspective: a multi-disciplinary approach to mapping and understanding female sex work venues in Southwest China. This paper examines the findings from an extensive geographic mapping study of female sex work venues located in the south western Chinese city of Zigong, in Sichuan province.
Drawing upon the findings from quantitative research, secondary historical sources and field notes, composed during participant observation, we provide a nuanced portrait of how the operation of sex work can be conceptualised in spatial terms, where 'space' is regarded as something socially constructed and historically contingent. The sex work geographies we analyse hold important implications for prevention work conducted in the region. When the sexual practices between sex workers and their clients are viewed against a wider geographic and historical backdrop, focus shifts from the properties and intentionalities of individuals towards the kinds of spaces where sex work operates, Craigslist Crete IL sex organisation of which are underpinned by economic forces that have given rise to the rapid proliferation of small urban spaces in contemporary China.
Commercial sex venuessyphilis and methamphetamine use among female sex workers. The objective of this study was to assess the factors associated with methamphetamine MA use, syphilis, and unprotected sex among female sex workers from different type of venues in Qingdao City, Shandong Province of China.
Three consecutive cross-sectional surveys provided information on demographics, sexual and drug use behaviors, and HIV-related services. Of participants, 3. The prevalence rates of syphilis and MA use were 2. Street-based MA users were more likely to be single, non-Shandong residents, have first lifetime sex act at younger age, and recruited in vs. Saunas, night clubs, bars, or hotels-based MA users were more likely to be younger, sex debut at younger age, have longer duration of sex workhave unprotected commercial sexand be syphilis-infected.
Syphilis among the sauna- night club- bar- or hotel-based participants was associated with MA use and ever receipt of HIV testing.
Violence prevention and municipal licensing of indoor sex work venues in the Greater Vancouver Area: narratives of migrant sex workers, managers and business owners. Using a socio-ecological, structural determinants framework, this study assesses the impact of municipal licensing policies and related policing practices across the Greater Vancouver Area Canada on the risk of violence within indoor sex work venues. Findings indicate that policing practices and licensing requirements increase sex workers' risk of violence and conflict with clients and result in heightened stress, an inability to rely on police support, lost income and the displacement of sex workers to more hidden informal work venues.
Prohibitive licensing and policing practices prevent sex workers, managers and owners from adopting safer workplace measures and exacerbate health and safety risks for sex workers. This study provides critical evidence of the negative public health implications of prohibitive municipal licensing in the context of a criminalised and enforcement-based approach to sex work.
Workplace safety recommendations include the decriminalisation of sex work and the elimination of disproportionately high fees for licences, criminal record restrictions, door lock restrictions, employee registration requirements and the use of police as licensing inspectors. Workplace safety recommendations include the decriminalisation of sex work and the elimination of disproportionately high fees for s, criminal record restrictions, door lock restrictions, employee registration requirements and the use of police as licensing inspectors.
Background Female sex workers' FSWs' use of alcohol, a known disinhibitor to risk behavior, has been largely understudied. Knowledge of how various sex work venues influence FSW's alcohol consumption before engaging in commercial sex is even rarer. Our analysis identifies those factors across three types of sex-work venues that predict alcohol use among FSWs prior to paid sexual intercourse with clients.
Methods Employing a cross sectional and multilevel de, three of venues where FSWs meet clients in Senggigi were sampled: 1 discotheques and bars freelance2 brothels, and 3 recreational enterprises such as karaoke establishments and massage parlors. The FSWs reported on clients interactions. Alcohol use varied by differences in HIV policies and services offered at the sex work venuethe FSW's educational level and age, and client characteristics.
Conclusion Alcohol use is common prior to sexual intercourse among FSWs and their clients in Senggigi, and the venue where FSWs meet their clients influences the women's alcohol use. Freelancers were likelier to use alcohol than those who work at brothels and recreational enterprises.
Given the recognized links between alcohol use prior to sex and high risk behavior, HIV prevention programs that discourage alcohol use should be introduced to both women who engage in commercial sex and also sex-work venue managers, owners, and clients. A venue analysis of predictors of alcohol use prior to sexual intercourse among female sex workers in Senggigi, Indonesia.
Female sex workers' FSWs' use of alcohol, a known disinhibitor to risk behaviour, has been largely understudied. Employing a cross-sectional and multilevel de, three of venues where FSWs meet clients in Senggigi were sampled: 1 discotheques and bars freelance2 brothels, and 3 recreational enterprises such as karaoke establishments and massage parlors. The sample consisted of women "nested" within 16 sex work venues. Alcohol use is common prior to sexual intercourse among FSWs and their clients in Senggigi, and the venue where FSWs meet their clients influences the women's alcohol use.
Given the recognized links between alcohol use prior to sex and high risk behaviour, HIV prevention programmes that discourage alcohol use should be introduced to both women who engage in commercial sex and also sex-work venue managers, owners, and clients. All rights reserved.
How important are venue -based HIV risks among male clients of female sex workers? A mixed methods analysis of the risk environment in nightlife venues in Tijuana, Mexico. Goldenberg, Shira; Strathdee, Steffanie A. In a multivariate model, offering increased pay for unprotected sex and binge drinking were micro-level factors that were independently associated with meeting FSWs in nightlife venues versus other places.
In qualitative interviews, clients characterized nightlife venues as high risk due to the following macro-level features: social norms dictating heavy alcohol consumption; economic exploitation by establishment owners; and poor enforcement of sex work regulations in nightlife venues. Structural interventions in nightlife venues are needed to address venue -based risks.
To analyze environmental sources of HIV vulnerability among male clients of FSWs in Tijuana, we used mixed methods to investigate correlates of clients who met FSWs in nightlife venues and clients' perspectives on venue -based HIV risk. Logistic regression identified micro-level correlates of meeting FSWs in nightlife venueswhich were triangulated with clients' narratives regarding macro-level influences.
Using a cross-sectional de, we interviewed MSM about the venues where their recent sexual partners were found. Venues were organized into network matrices grouped by condom use and race. We examined network structure, central venuesand network subgroups. Analysis revealed a map of 54 virtual and physical venues with an overlap in the ncAS and with condom anal sex cAS venues. In the ncAS network, virtual and physical locations were more interconnected. The ncAS venues reported by Blacks were more diffusely organized than those reported by Whites.
The network structures of sex venues for at-risk MSM differed by race. Network information can enhance HIV prevention dissemination efforts among subpopulations, including PrEP implementation. Luke, Douglas A. Methods: Using a cross-sectional de, we interviewed MSM about the venues where their recent sexual partners were found. Conclusion: The network structures of sex venues for at-risk MSM differed by race.
Venue -level correlates of female sex worker registration status: A multilevel analysis of bars in Tijuana, Mexico.
Gaines, Tommi L. In Tijuana, Mexico, sex work is regulated by the municipal government, through registration cards issued to female sex workers FSWs for an annual fee. Registration has been associated with decreased drug use and increase condom use and HIV testing.
This implies that certain venues may be more accessible to local authorities for the enforcement of this type of programme. Taking a novel multilevel approach, we examined whether venue characteristics of bars reflecting greater organised management and visibility affect registration status of FSWs.
Our findings suggest that sex work regulations may inadvertently exclude venues in which the more vulnerable and less visible FSWs, such as injection drug users and those with limited financial resources, are situated. Venue -level correlates of female sex worker registration status: a multilevel analysis of bars in Tijuana, Mexico. In an analysis of venue -level characteristics, predictors of being registered were availability of free condoms at work and distance to the main sex strip; however, these were not independently associated after inclusion of FSWs' income, illicit drug use and history of HIV testing.
Efforts to revise or reconsider sex work regulations to ensure that they best promote FSWs' health, human and labour rights are recommended. HIV-related risk among female migrants working in entertainment venues in China. China has experienced a surge in internal migration during the past decade and migrant populations have been identified as a high-risk group for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections STIs.
Young female migrants often find employment in entertainment venues bars, karaoke parlors, massage parlors located in metropolitan cities, and sex work transactions frequently occur in these venues. We examined factors associated with risk for HIV, other STIs, and reproductive health challenges in a cross-sectional study of young female migrants, agesworking in entertainment venues in a rapidly growing urban city in China.